4 Stages of a Gum Disease

Gum diseases are extremely common and can affect both adults and children. The advent of this disease is essentially associated with the maintenance of proper oral hygiene. It could lead to potential tooth loss and might also make your bloodstream vulnerable to other bacteria causing infections. This makes it all the more important to nip gum diseases in their buds. This article will give you an informative insight on the various stages of gum disease which will help you to identify it easily and rush to the dentist accordingly.  

What is Gum Disease?

Before jumping into the stages let us first find out what gum disease is. A gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums. However, if severe, it can attack your jawbones and also cause tooth loss. In their early stages, gum diseases can be reversed and also managed. With its advance to the later stages of the disease professional gum treatments and surgeries are required. 

Stages of Gum Disease

According to its severity, periodontal disease can be divided into four stages:

  • Gingivitis
  • Early Periodontitis
  • Moderate Periodontitis
  • Advanced Periodontitis


Gingivitis is the earliest stage of the disease. It is the only stage where your gum disease can be reversed. Gingivitis is the result of excessive plaque buildup and irregular brushing and flossing habits. Watch out for occasional swelling and redness of gums and also sporadic bleeding. Your gums may start to discharge a milky material known as exudate which usually leads to bad breath. If you suffer from excessive bleeding then we would advise you to consult our dentists and avail our gum treatment services immediately

Early Periodontitis

Your gum disease, in this second stage, cannot be reversed but can still be managed. The plaque buildup usually hardens and turns into tartar. This allows the bacteria to reach the bone and begin its destruction. Your gums might start to look pale due to a lack of blood supply and gum pockets are common. Detection of gum disease in the first two stages is extremely crucial. This is why you should never miss your dental checkups

Moderate Periodontitis

At this stage, the silent predator turns excessively aggressive. The size of your probing depths will increase and expose your bloodstream to the disease-causing microbes. This stage could result in your mouth tasting weird and your teeth turning wobbly and loose. Various deep cleaning procedures such as scaling and root planing could save you and clean the bacteria buildup. If left untreated, you could lose your teeth, bleed profusely and suffer from shifting teeth.

Advanced Periodontitis

This is the fourth and final stage and extreme aggravation sets in from hereon. The infection severely worsens at this stage and increases the risk of bone loss and tooth extraction You will be suffering from extremely swollen gums that ooze pus and also halitosis. Advanced Periodontitis requires surgery or laser therapy to clean the bacteria-laden probing depths. Lack of treatment might lead to spaces between your teeth and cause gum recession. You might have to resort to dentures later on in life and it could also expose you to other serious diseases. 

Now that you are aware of the different stages we hope you can diagnose which stage your gums are at with the help of the dentist. However, if you have further questions and are looking for gum disease treatment in New Lenox, IL contact us without any hesitation.